Q: benchmark test scores, grades とはどういう意味ですか?
A: benchmark test = a standardized exam that aims to identify which students are meeting the appropriate educational goals for their age/year

grades = the teacher's evaluation of a student's classwork

How well do student benchmark test scores correlate with their grades? = Do students who turn in good classwork also meet their educational goals? (i.e., is the work the students do in class appropriate for them, or is it too easy or too hard)
Q: benchmark data とはどういう意味ですか?
A: Benchmarking data is the practice of comparing your organization's data against data from other organizations.
Q: benchmark fund とはどういう意味ですか?
A: A benchmark fund is a fund against which other funds are measured or compared. If the fund you own goes down a little, and the benchmark fund also goes down, it is more an issue with the market in general. If your fund goes down but the benchmark goes up, you have a poorly performing fund and should think about selling it. Each industry has its own benchmark fund, e.g., technology has its own benchmark fund, automobile industry has its own benchmark fund, etc.
Q: benchmark とはどういう意味ですか?
A: It's sometimes used to mean as a maximum output. Such as in computers maximum processing speed so you can compare for example.
Q: a benchmark in fuel efficiency とはどういう意味ですか?
A: A new record for others to follow.


Q: benchmark (verb) を使った例文を教えて下さい。
A: “We are benchmarking our performance against external criteria”


Q: benchmark と standard と Criteria はどう違いますか?
A: A benchmark is a thing against which other things are measured against. For example, a teacher using another student's homework as a benchmark to judge their other students' homework.

A standard is something approved (either by a higher authority or a very large group of people) as the desired way of doing something. For example, a standard in computer text representation is Unicode.

A criteria is a list of things that we compare something else to to see if they align. For example, the criteria for what may count as a human being could be "has a nose, ears, arms, legs, and feet," and we can then use that list of requirements as a way to see if someone can be considered a human being.
Q: a benchmark と an epitome はどう違いますか?
A: A benchmark is a test of skill given by someone else, usually while you are still learning something and not after finishing learning.

Ex: A benchmark test will be given halfway through the semester.
Ex: I wish I had a benchmark to see how well I'm doing before the final test.

An epitome is the absolute best project completed by someone in a subject. It is usually creative, not a test (like a book, a song, or a debate), and the value is judged by peers instead of higher level teachers.

Ex: This musical composition was the epitome of his genius.
Ex: I want the epitome of my career to be something interesting.
Q: benchmark と criteria はどう違いますか?
A: Benchmark is a line that you must meet. Criteria tells you what is needed to meet the benchmark
Q: benchmark と milestone はどう違いますか?
A: milestone > benchmark (in terms of achievement)

Also, benchmark doesn't usually have any connotation to it. Rather, it is said as a matter of fact.


Q: For sure that’s a good benchmark to compare yourself to.

Do I need the “to”at the end?
Thank you so much as always!
Q: I have to figure out/set/create the benchmark for accept people to work in my school, like... what kind of teacher that should to work in my school? この表現は自然ですか?
A: × I have to figure out/set/create the benchmark for accept people to work in my school, like... what kind of teacher that should to work in my school?
✓ I have to figure out/set/create the benchmark for accepting people to work in my school, like... what kind of teacher should work in my school?