Q: In linguistics, subcategorization denotes the ability/necessity for lexical items (usually verbs) to require/allow the presence and types of the syntactic arguments with which they co-occur. とはどういう意味ですか?
A: If a word "subcategorises" for another word, it means that it needs another word in order for it to be grammatically complete when used. For example, all English verbs subcategorize for a subject, and transitive verbs subcategorize for a subject and an object. Adjectives can subcategorize for arguments as well, so "elder" requires an object, which is why "elder brother" is correct but "he is elder" is wrong.

This is a bit of an oversimplification but it's basically correct.
Q: formal linguistics and other disciplines とはどういう意味ですか?
A: Formal linguistics is the study of language from a scientific viewpoint. That is, using mathematics (of different sorts) to define not just one language, but all languages. The formal manner means that hypotheses are precisely defined and can be tested using the methods of science: systematic observation, measurement, and experiment, and the formulation, testing, and modification of hypotheses.
Q: intellectual context,in linguistics とはどういう意味ですか?
A: Can you provide the full sentence ?


Q: linguistics と language learning はどう違いますか?
A: linguistics is the study of language. language learning is learning a particular language.
Q: linguistics と grammar はどう違いますか?
A: See linguistics is just all about language it's a speaking portion or part
For example George has a degree in linguistics on which he's very proud. It simply means that he has a degree in a particular subject. he has become a master of that particular subject. He knows each ND every rule of that particular subject.

And grammar is written portion in this you have all your rules and some words and other phrases idioms by which you can make a sentence you can speak ask write whatever you want.

See if your grammar is correct then you have everything about that particular language.

It seems like grammar is part of linguistic and linguistic is a part of grammar both of them is needed or highly required if you want to master in any language.
Q: I studied linguistics at university. と I studied linguistics in university. はどう違いますか?
A: 1) “I studied linguistics at university.” This is grammatically correct. It means that when you were a university student, you studied linguistics. It refers to an event in the past (e.g. several years ago).
2) “I studied linguistics in university.” This sounds unnatural, and sounds like you are focusing on the building itself (e.g. I studied linguistics in a house/in a university/in a car). It could refer to the recent past, and doesn’t necessarily imply you are a university student.
Q: linguistics と Language はどう違いますか?
A: I would say that Language is the way communication can happen and be understood between different people, and Linguistics is the study of language (for example the grammar)


Q: What is comparative linguistics? は 英語 (アメリカ) で何と言いますか?
A: QAの全文をご確認ください
Q: linguistics は 英語 (アメリカ) で何と言いますか?
A: QAの全文をご確認ください


Q: I'm going to study English linguistics at university and so it is my future... "faculty" or "course"? How do you call it?
A: Faculty would be faculty of languages but English Linguistics is a course. Also could be called a program but most commonly we'd refer it to as a course.

ps. that's in the UK I'm not sure if it's the same everywhere.

also, English Linguistics is a department as well but you wouldn't study a department, you'd study a course.
Q: I want to study linguistics and to get people all over the world to know about Japan and Japanese culture. この表現は自然ですか?
A: Grammatically it is correct, logically it is not.

Here is why:

Linguistics cannot aid in the spread of knowledge about a nation or a culture, since it is a scientific analytical type of study.

Here is the definition:
Linguistics : the scientific study of language and its structure, including the study of grammar, syntax, and phonetics. Specific branches of linguistics include sociolinguistics, dialectology, psycholinguistics, computational linguistics, comparative linguistics, and structural linguistics.

Your sentence is like saying :
“I want to let people know about Japanese cuisine by studying the biochemical breakdown of food.”
Grammatically correct. Logically not so much.
You could say:
“I want to become a world class chef to promote Japanese cuisine all over the world”.

“I want to learn languages to be able to get more people to know about Japan and the Japanese culture”.
Q: linguisticsの発音を音声で教えてください。
A: It sounds like “ruffly”
Q: In linguistics, a formal language is a set of strings of symbols together with a set of rules that are specific to it.

It's sad that English is not a formal language. この表現は自然ですか?
Q: In regards to linguistics, what is the indexicality? Please explain about it この表現は自然ですか?
A: In linguistics, what is indexicality? Please explain.